“We cannot produce everything, so some of our products, such as roses, are sourced from other growers,” he says. “But it isn’t low maintenance.”, Farming has been handed down from generation to generation in the Jaftha family. Welcome to Gardening in South Africa! Günther says that the greatest advantage of having their own market is the independence and freedom it brings. Getting Started as a Flower Farmer. The garden, filled with dozens of species of flowering plants and shrubs, from strelitzias to pelargoniums, roses to viburnum, is gradually being expanded. Flower Farming Business In South Africa. Making it in the flower industry is not easy. Production must be planned strategically to coincide with big market days, which traditionally include Christmas, Mother’s Day, Easter, Valentine’s Day and Eid al Fitr. That's what we're taking a look at. Previously flower sellers sold their wares from tables rented at the municipal market. Typically businesses are started small, possibly from a hobby such as gardening, and developed into a viable self sustaining business. Here’s how Flowershed conquered the indigenous flower … About flamingo flower farming growing for market kenya is the flower garden of europe kenya is the flower garden of europe. More than 500 million cut flowers are sold annually on the home market. You cannot be away from the farm for long periods. The tunnel frames are made of hot-dipped, galvanised steel, covered with plastic, and white shade nets. Today a simple road sign that announces ‘fresh cut flowers’ entices customers from across the southern Peninsula, from Newlands to Simon’s Town, to buy bunches from Moses and his sons Malcolm and Charles at the Brounger Road Flower Stall. Eastern CapeFreestateGautengKwazulu NatalLimpopoMpumalangaNorth WestNorthern CapeWestern Cape Please keep in mind that this is a guideline. “We used to cut grass for hens, feed the pigs, and we had to carry water in two pails on a stick,” recalls Moses. © 2020 Farmer's Weekly Magazine | Caxton Magazines Digital |, Why a Cape winemaker bought a vineyard in Slovenia, Helping livestock farmers control data on the farm, Equipping women farmers for long-term success, Inside a family-run abattoir that slaughters 800 cattle a day, Building a mega business through egg production, Using manure as fertiliser: Mistakes to avoid, Good wheat year ahead, but climate uncertainty prevails, Land beneficiaries’ 20-year struggle for government help, Table grapes yet to experience full impact of COVID-19, Avocados remain buoyant amid ‘insatiable demand’, Breeding seasons in summer rainfall areas. It is a federation of member organisations and consists of Cape Flora SA (fynbos industry – based in Paarl), South African Flower Growers’ Association (SAFGA) (traditional flower industry – roses etc. “We don’t have any fancy temperature control systems. It’s possible to produce a good income in a small growing area growing flowers for profit. “There is a half-day window of opportunity, otherwise we are in trouble,” says Carel. Full sun to partial afternoon shade. The king protea is the national flower of South Africa. Market choice is crucial for a farming operation’s success, as produce can be sold in various ways, from informal traders and the fresh market to retail stores. Growing guidance for all the seeds we sell can be downloaded in PDF format from the following categories. “I learnt it all from my father,” says Malcolm, who gave up his job as manager at Chapman’s Peak Hotel four years ago in preparation for carrying on the business with Charles when his father retires. They are the foundation on which their business Ecozest is built. Engelke Blomme, a flower producer established in the 1930s in Philippi in the Western Cape, has overcome these challenges and expanded from a small, part-time business to a major regional operation. We live by the motto: Whichever flowers you desire – we can get them for you. Recently, we suffered R50 000 worth of damage to our sunflowers,” Günther says. Ask him which job he prefers and he doesn’t hesitate. Grow Green Onions and Sell it for a Profit in South Africa Growing green onions for a profit requires a small initial investment. Especially in the more arid western areas, it is essential that as much water as possible be stored in the soil profile before planting, to limit the chance of failure. According to Günther, it is, however, important to produce a continuous supply throughout the year. Flowers are either grown in shade houses or in climate-controlled greenhouses on five hectares, using methods developed by the Dutch – long-established masters of the flower trade. Making it in the flower industry is not easy. For over twenty years Flowers for Africa has taken great pride in sourcing and supplying the best quality fresh flowers from flower growing countries around the world for our clients – daily. Choose our own local South African flower shop or florist in South Africa and see pictures of their individual flowers and gift arrangements. Throughout the year, the 12ha garden is magnificent, with rows of sweet peas, strelitzia, sweet William, watsonia, agapanthus, feverfew and poppies on either side of the Spaanschemat River, where tiny fish dart about in the clear water. “And as soon as we harvest them we have to replant in order to get four cycles a year.” Each section of plants has a chart, a bit like a hospital patient does, detailing progress. The flowers that form on the tips of the branches are a delicate blue. About 80 per cent of them are homegrown, and the remainder is imported from countries like Kenya. The king protea has several colour forms and horticulturists have recognized 81 garden varieties, some of … “It’s such a harmonious thing to do and so many people have lost that connection with nature,” says DP. “You’d have to sell lots of flowers to justify such a capital investment. South Africa’s flowers, on the other hand, took up a comparatively paltry 545 hectares in 2011. The other use is for the production of essential oils. As a general rule of thumb, an established business that grows flowers for profit will net 50 percent to 60 percent of its gross. Overhead shade net is used during summer to protect certain flower varieties from sunburn and encourage better length growth. Günther emphasises that flower farming is hard work. Many people dream of owning their own business. March 22, 2019 by admin. G a r d e n i n g i n S o u t h A f r i c a. If you’ve ever wondered where your bouquet of chrysanthemums – long-lasting queens of the vase – comes from, the chances are, if you live in the Cape, it’s Oak Valley estate in Elgin, the biggest flower grower in the province. based in Jhb) and the Intensive Growers Association (IGA) . Soil, and Pest and weed control This business has a high profitability and quickly pays off. Plant growing guides for vegetables, fruit, herbs and flowers for growing at home. A labour-intensive industry This business venture doesn’t require huge capital but marketing is key. Search. We pick flowers throughout the year, but close down over the weekends. Günther says that methyl-bromide was particularly effective, but that its use is no longer permitted. Position. Moses learned from his mother Susan, a flower seller. The flowers come in shades of purple, scarlet, pink, mauve, salmon, and clear white. SANA is a member-driven, non-profit organisation, which strives to promote gardening as a hobby in South Africa for ALL South Africans. While crop rotation is used to prevent the build-up of soil pathogens, the soil is also occasionally fumigated. If you think that commercial flower growing could be worth considering, this page will help you work through the issues critical for success and point to sources of information to help achieve that success. According to Jac Duif, director of the South African Flower Export Council (SAFEC), the flower industry started in 1944 in Johannesburg, with four South African and Dutch-origin flower growers as its first members. The seven rose farms are situated throughout the northern parts of South Africa, all within a four-hour drive of Johannesburg, which is our main distribution point, locally and internationally. “We’re close to the sea, so we need galvanised steel to prevent rust. It is an export council used to apply for funding from government. In those days Susan and her eldest sons would rise before dawn to walk to Adderley Street, Cape Town to sell strawberries and violets. After a flirtation with tomato growing on the estate, Arend started with chrysanthemums for the cut-flower trade and launched what was to become the largest flower-production unit in the Western Cape. “If you want to supply a retailer directly, you have to make peace with the fact that you will be a price taker, and that there will be all kinds of quality control measures to which your produce and production processes will have to conform. Avoid standing blooms in draughts, direct sunlight or near central heating. About 50% of its flowers are sold wholesale, while 20% are sold to florists and 30% to private vendors. Günther, Otto (his father) and Volkmar (his brother) keep an eye out too. Good quality flowers still in bud rather than fully open will last longer. Investing time in preparation before starting will save much heartache and financial loss in rowing flowers. The self-catering guest cottages, with cosy fires for winter, are in the vernacular style, and anyone who joins the workshops can stay there, where a welcome bouquet of freshly picked flowers is guaranteed. Günther Engelke, one of the company’s directors, attributes the success of the enterprise to following conventional business practices. Glenneis Kriel spoke Günther Engelke about their success. The varieties are guided by market demand and suitability to the farm’s production conditions. Malcolm now manages the farm while Charles looks after sales, takes flowers to market in Cape Town and buys some varieties from suppliers for the stall. To reduce input costs and protect the business from the vulnerability of the seed and bulb market, the Engelkes harvest and save seed and bulbs to be reused for another production cycle. The flower farm in a valley beneath the Groenlandberg mountains is surrounded by Oak Valley’s apple and pear orchards, vineyards for cool-climate wines and pastures where grass-fed cattle and acorn-fed pigs are raised. Conditions can vary in provinces which also needs to be taken into account. Cosmos Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. White nets are used as windbreaks as they provide less shade. The roots of flower farming run deep along the Spaanschemat River in Constantia Valley, none deeper than those of Moses Jaftha’s family. © 2020 Country Life All rights reserved | Terms & Conditions | Contact Us He adds that supplying a retailer does have some advantages, as farmers do not have to actively market their produce. It’s a way of life that keeps them in touch with nature and brings an appreciation of the changing seasons. The Flower Farmer: An Organic Grower's Guide to Raising and Selling Cut Flowers. To ensure this, Engelke Blomme produces 40 different varieties of flowers and new seeds, while bulbs and plants are propagated regularly. But each of those hectares sustained 13 jobs. Hannes and DP’s former florist shop on Thesen Island, Kynsna has evolved into Ecozest, a home-based business where their imaginative creations range from pyramids of proteas plus a display of different protea species for a wedding, to branches hung with plants and lights for a golf tournament. We have 486 guests and no members online. SAFEC is a section 21 company, non-profit export council, supported by the four main producer organisations in South Africa. After 80 years, the family business Engelke Blomme continues to produce outstanding flowers, despite a highly competitive market. Don’t waste your energy fighting and complaining about this, as that is the nature of this type of market. “The wind blew the roof off one of our structures a year ago, resulting in our lisianthus plants contracting false mildew. Uses Rosemary in both its fresh form and dried is used in many food dishes as a flavouring. The farm sells around 800 000 bunches of chrysanthemums a year, each bunch sold by weight, with five to eight stems per bunch. On this website you will find not ‘only’ flowers of incredible beauty, but also handy hints on how to grow and nurture them, how to protect them without poisoning plant life and the myriad of creepy crawlies that are part of their symbiotic circle. The South African Flower Export Council. Any sunny site with good drainage. On the plus side, your market risks might be lower than if you sold the flowers yourself.”. Nhlanhla Mpati is tending his farm in Johannesburg, South Africa. All the listed flowers and arrangements are available for next day flower delivery to South Africa. South Africa flower farms and industry. As with most agricultural commodities, prices are volatile and competition is stiff. Occasionally a thriving business can be purchased. Listening to Malcolm talk about his flowers – which plants self-sow, how to get sweet peas to grow straight and tall or how to store dahlia tubers (dahlias are their biggest sellers), is like taking a crash course in gardening. | Privacy policy It is important that the available water is used to the best advantage. Say it with Flowers on Table Mountain this... Putsonderwater: An adventure to the emptiness, Running with the wild horses of the Namib. Peak times in the flower trade are the festive season and Valentine’s and Mother’s days, “ I just don’t have Christmas and I can never take holidays until after Mother’s Day in May,” says Carel with a laugh. Moses has nine grandchildren and already three of the older boys, Seth, Samuel and James, arrive at the farm on Fridays to help. He warns, however, that these should be rotated according to their active ingredients to prevent weeds developing resistance. But at Oak Valley there are specialised teams for planting, cultivation, picking and packaging, while good old-fashioned methods like composting and a fertiliser made from vermicasts are used. “It doesn’t help to have the most suitable production environment in the world, but your produce isn’t profitable. “While producers are often flooded with all kinds of regulations to be allowed to supply a retailer, having your own market means that you can focus more energy on things that are important to you, like the production of good-quality flowers.”. To ensure the highest standards, SANA’s garden centre members form part of the Garden Centre Association which strives to continuously improve the quality of products, knowledge and customer service within garden centres. Will the family tradition continue? The flower garden that supplies their business surrounds Woodcutters Forest Cottages – their home and their guest cottages on the edge of the forest above Knysna, on the Garden Route. SAFEC represents all the flowers of South Africa. The plant grows at a height of around 2 to 3 meters. Infrastructure won’t last five years here if it’s not galvanised.”. Planning production around events Seedlings tolerate light frosts, but plants are killed by freezing temperatures. Some plants will bring in piles of money – as much as $90,000 per acre – while others will do just the opposite. As with most agricultural commodities, prices are volatile and competition is stiff. Growing medicinal herbs commercially can be a profitable agricultural business idea. The flower farm was founded in 1978 by a Dutch horticulturist named Arend Doorduin, who worked closely with the current fourth-generation owner Anthony Rawbone-Viljoen. Cocks, hens and ducks root about under the fig and plums trees Moses grew from cuttings. Flower deliveries to South Africa by Flora Niche Florist, one of South Africa's leading florists. Cut flowers are one of the most profitable crops you can grow, with growers across the United States reporting sales of $25,000 to $30,000 per acre. Marijuana is not yet legal but other herbs include tansy, blood flower, hyssop, alfalfa and wild quinine. Soil. Unlike other green crops, onions are unpretentious and grow rapidly especially if As with any industry, offering a unique product can net you huge profits. It also is the flagship of the Protea Atlas Project, run by the South African National Botanical Institute. 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