Change Delivery Country. [10] Armorial services were provided for the Honourable East India Company, 1823, and the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths, c1824. Spode ‘Botanical Series’ pattern earthenware plate, transfer printed in blue, c.1828.  This pattern continued to be produced throughout the Copeland and Garrett period and can be found printed in green and in brown. He focused his attention on the manufacture of porcelain, a technically more difficult but much finer material than he had previously made, introducing in 1796 a new type of porcelain which he first called “Stoke China” but shortly afterwards renamed “Bone China”, because of the high proportion of calcined ox-bone in its formula. 62. Many items in Spode's Blue Italian and Woodland ranges are made at Portmeirion Group's factory in Stoke-on-Trent. Spode Copeland discontinued china, replacements, pattern, bread plate, dinner, salad, cup and saucer, platter, vegetable bowl, dish, place settings, dinnerware This particular design is unusual in that an English flower subject is set within an Imari border. The brand names Royal Worcester and Spode, the intellectual property and some of the stock were acquired by Portmeirion Group on 23 April 2009.[14]. and the company continued on the same site for nearly 250 years. Others have tried to replicate its popularity but the quality and the stunning detail of the decoration on each plate remains unmatched to this day. You are about to leave Spode.com to shop with .This will start a new shopping cart. Josiah Spode I was born in 1733 and after several years working for other local potters, established his own company in 1776 in Church Street, (then known as High Street) Stoke and, like his neighbour and friend Josiah Wedgwood, concentrating on the production of ceramic wares of the finest quality in a variety of bodies. Spode had the reputation of producing the best bone china in the world. This was then dipped in the glaze and returned to the kiln for the glost firing. They also produced other kinds of bone china, earthenware, parian, etc. The importance of his innovations has been disputed, being played down by Professor Sir Arthur Church in his English Porcelain, estimated practically by William Burton, and being very highly esteemed by Spode's contemporary Alexandre Brongniart, director of the Sèvres manufactory, in his Traité des Arts Céramiques, and by M. L. Solon hailed as a revolutionary improvement. Spode is a brand of china that was first made in the 1770s in Stoke-on-Trent, England. Examples of both services illustrated in Copeland1998:35 figs 59, 60. Bone china, hybrid hard-paste porcelain containing bone ash. From here you can learn about the wide variety of pottery that was made at the Spode factory including the innovations and improvements introduced by Jo About Spode. The technique was developed by adding calcined bone to this glassy frit, for example in the productions of Bow porcelain and Chelsea porcelain, and this was carried on from at least the 1750s onwards. As the technique for transfer printing on earthenwares was perfected, Spode’s blue and white transfer printed wares were generally considered to be among the finest ever made. He perfected the technique for transfer printing in underglaze blue on fine earthenware in 1783–1784 – a development that led to the launch in 1816 of Spode's Blue Italian range, which has remained in production ever since. They also made beautiful hand painted porcelain. Spode china and dinnerware will help you set the table with impeccable style. The SPODE stamp found incised in the china. The dish illustrated is from the Caramanian series, taken from Luigi Mayer’s ‘Views in the Ottoman Empire’ published in 1803. Spode is an English brand of pottery and homewares produced by the company of the same name, which is based in Stoke-on-Trent, England. Pattern number 3073 c.1821. Spode pattern books, which record about 75000 patterns, survive from about 1800. His early products comprised earthenwares such as creamware (a fine cream-coloured earthenware) and pearlware(a fine earthenware with a bluish glaze) as well as a range of stonewares inc… CORONAVIRUS - THE LATEST UPDATES. [15] Many items in Spode's Blue Italian and Woodland ranges are now made at Portmeirion Group's factory in Stoke-on-Trent. It is sometimes included with the wording “Late Spode,” distinguishing these pieces with the Spode name. Spode’s Rhododendron pattern created in 1948. Collectors use the dinnerware throughout the holiday season, in the kitchen, in the dining room, from Thanksgiving to the New Year. Spode is one of the greatest names of the Industrial Revolution. The Worcester and Caughley factories had commenced transfer printing underglaze and over glaze on porcelain in the early 1750s, and from 1756 overglaze printing was also applied to earthenware and stoneware. The Plymouth and Bristol factories, and (from 1782 to 1810) the New Hall (Staffordshire) factory under Richard Champion's patent, were producing hard paste similar to Oriental porcelain. This pattern, along with many others, is comprised only of a single coloured ground (here iron red) and gilding. 1799 is the most likely date but it could perhaps be even a little earlier from circumstantial evidence. They were known for their bone china and their parian figures. FREE shipping with $99 purchase* His son, Josiah Spode II, was certainly responsible for the successful marketing of English bone china. By 1815, underglaze blue printing techniques on earthenware had been perfected and large quantities of services were made, with designs based on a variety of topographical, botanical, Oriental and other subjects. Josiah Spode I effectively finalised the formula, and appears to have been doing so between 1789 and 1793. Spode’s Bone China glazes were particularly good in the way they accepted gilding. Explore the collection including holiday-perfect pieces for Thanksgiving, Christmas, Hanukah and more, many on sale now. Dessert plate in Bone China c1806. Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. The processes for underglaze and overglaze decoration were very different. The portrait of Josiah Spode II shown on the right is hand painted on a Spode’s Felspar porcelain plaque, c.1820. The flower painting and the gilding are all done by hand. Today, Spode is owned by Portmeirion Group, a pottery and homewares company based in Stoke-on-Trent. The Copeland and Garrett mark, which was used from 1833 to 1847. Introduced in 1938, Spode Christmas Tree has become one of the world’s most loved festive tableware designs. Spode porcelain, porcelain introduced about 1800 in the factory of Josiah Spode and Josiah Spode II at Stoke-upon-Trent, Staffordshire, Eng. 88–104. [3]. Copeland and sons, and again the term 'Spode' or 'Late Spode' continued in use alongside the name of Copeland. Bone china Claw footed "beakers” in two sizes, in Pattern number 2575, c.1815-17. These are sometimes called “candlelight patterns” as in flickering candlelight, the gilding comes alive and sparkles. This method involved the engraving of a design on a copper plate, which was then printed onto gummed tissue. Spode was founded by Josiah Spode (1733–1797) in 1770, and was responsible for perfecting two extremely important techniques that were crucial to the worldwide success of the English pottery industry in the century to follow. Yet the effect is spectacular. At this point, Spode craftspeople did not always mark their pieces, but typically did so in red paint. Spode is an icon of British style and craftsmanship with its extraordinary history spanning a magnificent 250 years. The bone porcelains, especially those of Spode, Minton, Davenport and Coalport, eventually established the standards for soft-paste porcelain which were later (after 1800) maintained widely. On our page, Historic Spode Factory — The People, china painter Denis Emery can be seen decorating a Rhododendron pattern plate. In particular these are called 'Late Spode' and include productions of the so-called 'Felspar porcelain'. Spode II was appointed “Potter to the Prince of Wales” when the Prince Regent visited the factory in 1806. Underglaze "hot-press" printing was limited to the colours that would withstand the subsequent glaze firing, and a rich blue was the predominant colour. To adapt the process from the production of small porcelain teawares to larger earthenware dinnerwares required the creation of more flexible paper to transmit the designs from the engraved copper plate to the biscuit earthenware body, and the development of a glaze recipe that brought the color of the black-blue cobalt print to a brilliant perfection. [6], Among the many surviving Spode documents are two shape books dated to about 1820 which contain thumbnail sketches of bone china objects with instructions to throwers and turners about size requirements. The company was eventually bought by the Copeland family, then in 2009 it was acquired by the Portmeirion Group. Ball shape tea pot , sugar box and creamer with Bute shape tea cup and saucer c.1820, Spode Octagonal shape tea wares in Felspar Porcelain. In 1785, Spode began producing its line of blue-on-pearl china , which was to become its first success thanks to the skill of designer Thomas Minton in the early 1790s. The history and products of the Spode factory have inspired generations of historians and collectors, and a useful interactive online exhibition was launched in October 2010.[1]. Today, we continue to develop collections with the same quality and craftsmanship as Josiah Spode I and his son. 20% OFF SITEWIDE WINTER SALE NOW ON* FREE Standard … Hand painted and finely gilded in an understated Georgian style and emphasizing the whiteness of the Bone China body, at the time superior to that of any English competitor. These marks are divided into four main categories, including early Spode from 1770 to 1833, Copeland & Garrett from 1833 to 1847, WT Copeland from 1847 to 1970 and Spode from 1970 to 2014. Spode felspar porcelain. A bone china beaded Vase in Pattern number 967 which was first introduced in 1807 and remained the most popular Imari pattern for many years.of Life” and is based on a Japanese Spode also mastered underglaze blue printing, a technique unknown in China. The trade name Felspar Porcelain was used in order to compete with Coalport, who were successfully branding their wares as Felspar Porcelain. It is copied from an earlier painting by Keeling in 1806 and engraved by William Greatbach, chief engraver for Spode. An early Spode Devonia shape dish bearing the ‘Stoke China’ mark, indicating a date of manufacture of pre-1800, when Spode renamed ‘Stoke China’ as ‘Bone China’. Josiah Spode I is credited[2] with the introduction of underglaze blue transfer printing on earthenware in 1783–84. Thomas Minton, another Caughley-trained engraver, also supplied copper plates to Spode until he opened his own factory in Stoke-on-Trent in 1796. Josiah Spode I died suddenly in 1797 and it fell to his son Josiah Spode II to continue and perfect his father’s developments. Indeed, it was Spode II who introduced the Blue Italian range. The Cuthbertson Story. The traditional bone china recipe was 6 parts bone-ash, 4 parts china stone and 3.5 parts kaolin, all finely ground together. Many fine examples of the elder Spode's productions were destroyed in a fire at Alexandra Palace, London in 1873, where they were included in an exhibition of nearly five thousand specimens of English pottery and porcelain. Spodes's pattern 967, the most popular imitation of "Imari" wares, was recorded in 1807. Spode has been part of Stoke-on-Trent's industrial heritage for almost 250 years. He then worked in a number of partnerships until he went into business for himself, renting a small potworks in the town of Stoke-on-Trent in 1767; in 1776 he completed the purchase of what became the Spode factory until 2008. In 2012 the Spode Museum Trust opened the Spode Works Visitor Centre in part of the historic Spode factory. Bow-handled bucket in Bone China, decorated with pattern number 878, c.1806. The Spode Christmas Tree pattern remains one of the most popular collectibles in the Spode line and in the history of the ceramics. Spode’s Felspar Porcelain is recognised as the forerunner of all modern English Bone China. Sprig mouldings are most famously associated with Wedgwood’s Jasperwares, but were in fact applied by a number of Staffordshire potters. Even before Spode arrived, this area was well known as “The Potteries,” one of Britain’s most important districts for the production of porcelain. [11] Some of the ware employed underglaze blue and iron red with touches of gilding in imitation of "Imari porcelain" that had been introduced on Spode's bone china in the first decade of the century:[12] the most familiar "Tobacco-leaf pattern" (2061) continued to be made by Spode's successors, William Taylor Copeland, and then "W.T. Thanks for visiting Portmeirion Group. "Spode Felspar Porcelain" is often stamped in underglaze on the bottoms of wares, both in simple typography and in copperplate lettering surrounded by a wreath of thistles and roses. A spectacular effect is achieved with just two ground-laid colours (iron red and cobalt blue) and gilding. Painted marks are often in red and marks can also appear printed usually in blue or black, (although other colours were used) or impressed into the clay so appearing colourless. During the 18th century, many English potters were striving and competing to discover the industrial secret of the production of fine translucent porcelain. Josiah Spode is known to have worked for Thomas Whieldon from the age of 16 until he was 21. Start of the Spode business to 1833: the company was known as Spode. In partnership with William Copeland, Josiah II continued the business for the next thirty years Under their management in the early 19th century, considered by many to be the “Golden Age” of English ceramics, the company grew to be the largest pottery in Stoke and a pre-eminent manufacturer of fine ceramics of every kind. In Spode's similar "Felspar porcelain", introduced on the market in 1821, felspar was an ingredient, substituted for the Cornish stone in his standard bone china body, giving rise to his slightly misleading name "Felspar porcelain,"[8] to what is in fact an extremely refined stoneware comparable to the rival "Mason's ironstone", produced by Josiah II's nephew, Charles James Mason, and patented in 1813[9] Spode's "Felspar porcelain" continued into the Copeland & Garrett phase of the company (1833–1847). Josiah II’s china bodies, first Bone China and, from 1822, its derivative, Felspar Porcelain, outclassed all other contemporary English porcelains not just in terms of beauty but also of reliability of manufacture. Browse and shop from a large selection of Spode Christmas Tree China and Spode Christmas Tree Dishes at Macys.com. Pattern number 3073 c.1821 The well-known Spode blue-and-white dinner services with engraved sporting scenes and Italian views were developed under Josiah Spode the younger, but continued to be reproduced into much later times. He then worked in a number of partnerships until he went into business for himself, renting a small potworks in the town of Stoke-on-Trent in 1767; in 1776 he completed the purchase of what became the Spode factory until 2008. [4] The colour paste was worked into the cut areas of the copper plate and wiped from the uncut surfaces, and then printed by passing through rollers. Typical hand painted flowers on a Bone China dessert plate in Pattern 2789, c.1817. On 6th November 2008 it called in administrators, who said the china maker had been hit by the recession and left cash … He is particularly recognised as having developed the technique for underglaze transfer printing on earthenware c.1784 and to have produced the first printed “Willow” patterns 1784-90s. An early heart-shaped in dish in Bone China decorated with Pattern number 319 c.1803. The dinnerware is made in England of high-quality earthenware, Spode's imperialware. (. The partnership continued in this form until 1847. This plate in Pattern number 1495, c.1810, is typical. Messrs Spode were succeeded in the same business in c. 1833 by Copeland and Garrett, who often used the name Spode in their marks. The Spode company was founded in 1770 by Josiah Spode in Stoke-on-Trent England. The technique of bat printing, which produced an effect similar to that of copperplate engraving on paper, was used at a number of potteries during the Regency period, but none so much as at Spode, who printed many series of designs, often on Bone China. From afternoon tea and lunch to elegant dinner parties, discover iconic tableware collections at Spode. [13] After 1847 the business continued until 1970 as W.T. But don’t worry, we’ll save your Portmeirion, Spode, Royal Worcester, and Pimpernel items for when you return. Spode also used on-glaze transfers for other wares. In particular, Spode introduced hundreds of Japanese inspired Imari designs, generously gilded. Under the name 'Spode Ltd' the same factories and business was continued after 1970. The trade name Felspar Porcelain was used in order to compete with Coalport, who were successfully branding their wares as Felspar Porcelain. Spode color … Kakiemon original. In 2006, the business merged with Royal Worcester. The purchase did not include Royal Worcester or Spode manufacturing facilities. The intricate gilding shows up well on the cobalt blue ground. Spode’s Felspar Porcelain, a variety of Bone China, was developed in 1821 and subsequently became the standard formula for most English Bone China. A very early Low Scent Jar made pre 1800 in an early experimental Bone China body. Founded by Josiah Spode in Stoke-on-Trent, England. The key to the perfect dinner party is to plan ahead, and that includes making sure your china cabinet is stocked for every type of gathering. The Spode family worked in pottery in Staffordshire as early as 1762. The business was carried on through his sons at Stoke until April 1833. In 1922, Mr Fred Cuthbertson of Greenwich, Connecticut created the “Original Christmas Tree” pattern for fine dinnerware. The initial development of bone china is attributed to Josiah Spode the Second, who introduced it around 1800. One copy is in the Joseph Downes collection at Winterthur Museum, Gardens, and Library, Delaware, USA.[7]. The Spode Christmas Tree china pattern was originally made in England by the Spode ceramic company. Creamware Devonia shape dish in Pattern number 136 c.1800. Josiah Spode is also often credited with developing, around 1790, the formula for fine bone china that was generally adopted by the industry. The source for this section is Hayden 1925, Chapter 5, pp. The History of the Spode Christmas Tree China Pattern. Pieces date between 1790 and 1827 and may have a number beneath the stamp. Spode’s Felspar Porcelain, a variety of Bone China, was developed in 1821 and subsequently became the standard formula for most English Bone China. From around 1805, Spode introduced new techniques in ground-laying, resulting in an outburst of finely executed colour on ceramics, which ushered in Regency, as opposed to Georgian, style. Shop our sites: Shopping Spode . The pattern books show 5,000 different “standard” patterns were produced during this period, but many more special order patterns were also made. Copeland & Sons, late Spode". Green glazed earthenware pierced Violet Pot c.1820. Soapstone porcelains further added steatite, known as French chalk, for instance at Worcester and Caughley factories.[5]. Get the best deals on Copeland Spode England when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. Porcelain Garden Pot and Stand in Pattern number 358 c.1803. If you have other questions about our selection of Spode china replacements, please call us at (845) 357-0160 to speak with our knowledgeable sales staff. His basic formula of six parts bone ash, four parts china stone, and three and a half parts china clay remains the standard English body. Introduced in 1816, this Spode pattern has been popular for literally centuries … Spode's London retail shop in Portugal Street went by the name of Spode, Son, and Copeland. 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