Mr Hale! Would you like to come to our house for dinner? I mean, you can fire away if you like. Polite word used to ask for permission or to request something (in the present) 1. The modal verb could is most often used as a past-tense version of can, indicating what someone or something was able to do in the past; it can also be used instead of can as a more polite way of making a request or asking for permission. Cute ears! 1. She could walk 50 miles in a day, when she was young. Facebook Twitter Google+. It was a common rule back then and the old grammar books said ‘May I’ was more polite. Unlike other auxiliary verbs modals only exist in their helping form; they cannot act alone as the main verb in a sentence. Would you like some cake? Can we speak with you about the Boston project? Weâd say something like: Well, Iâm not sure. (more polite)Iâve finished my homework. This modal verbs for permission exercise checks your understanding of using may and can. Well, then can we hire an assistant? You’re welcome. Now next thing. Is that OK? You may not enter the premises. Yes, I`d like to join in celebrations from a different culture to mine because i like living new adventure, for example Halloween an important feast day in America, but in Italy itâs unusual. We use would + like a lot for offers. Pardon, Mum? However, when asking for permission, could does not have a past tense meaning. But the heating at college broke down this morning, so when our accountancy lecturer said âLadies and gentlemen, would you like a free afternoon to study at home?â Well, it was an offer we couldn't refuse really. There's more than enough. He asked permission to leave the room. Listen, it's just after midnight here and it's really noisy ...Oliver: Wow, it sounds amazing!Sophie: It is. In Italy we celebrate Christmas during lunch on the 25th with our family. : We use could to say that something was permitted in the past: Many years ago you could smoke in cinemas, but now it's banned. Can is the least formal of the modal verbs used to ask permission. Could we move on to the next topic now please? Well, sometimes we apologise. What is it?Oliver: It's a country recipe. You don’t like the idea then? • Make a request —can, could Example: Could you please give me the doctor’s telephone number? Modals of Ability: Can, Could, Be able to, May, Might Introduction. Let’s look at three examples. This example uses the modal verb “might.” 2. You need to finish by Friday? Yes, Iâd like. Yes, but isnât the pronunciation important too? (negative possibility) But which two are most formal? people celebrate this festival with numerous candles and lanterns alongside the roads,houses and buildings. Look, we can change them round and the meanings stay the same. That would be great. In Italy we celebrate Christmas, an important feast day were we stay with family . “Can I open the window in here?” “Can we sit here?” “Can I have two coffees and a coke, please?” “Can you help me?” To be polite in English, you can add “please” at the end of a question asking someone to do something for you: “Can you get me the menu, please?” “Can you tell me the time, please?” Oh no. (request) Can I help you? She emailed us some photos. You can’t vote if you aren’t 18 years old. Itâs very useful for different situations. These phrases are all definite no’s and the last one means you won’t even discuss it. Right, fire away! For example, “Could I please have some water?” Could is the past tense of can. Don’t mind if I do! Congratulations. Of course we can also give a firm or definite no. 3. Click here to learn how we pronounce can’t differently in British and American English. You should say sorry. Example sentences with the word could. May I suggest we come back to this later if we have time? • Express a possibility —may, might, could Example: It might rain during the night. Use the modal verbs of permission, 'can,' or 'could,' to indicate whether someone has permission to do something or not. Perhaps they’ll enjoy it too. Now you know how we use ‘can’, ‘could’ and ‘may’ to ask for permission in English. We join to celebrate Christmas the 25th December,a day very important because we remember the birth of Jesus. British and American words for clothes – they’re different. You're home early. Today we are just going to look at offers, invitations, requests and permission. Exercise: modal auxiliaries can, could, may and might 5. This is because it is most common to ask permission for yourself. A registered charity: 209131 (England and Wales) SC037733 (Scotland). English teacher, author and video enthusiast. Example 1: If she’s not at home, she must beat school. What do you think? in my country Christmas is very important . : Members thought the Lake District National Park Authority should grant permission provided there was a local occupancy clause. So that’s it. Modals seem quite easy to use. Could I bring a friend to the party? Thank you. ‘May’ is the most formal. It's really beautiful! What is it? Modal verbs can be used to show how likely something is, or to express probability. Three of my grandparents are from Hong Kong, in fact â though my mother's father is Scottish. Ah, so you need to listen carefully to see if the answer is yes or no. You shouldn’t smoke. I love it so much because I can eat pancakes for all week:). Thanks. Why don't you call Amy? Modal verbs have the following characteristics: 1) They do not have participle or infinitive forms 2) They do not take the ending -(e)s in the third-person singular. May I leave work early? Take the... Â© British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. we celebrate the birth of Jesus. I’ve got a yoga class this evening and I don’t want to be late. You’re going to hear six different replies. What’s wrong with yours? So is there a difference? Not normally. 17 examples: The tapes will not be passed to anyone at your place of work, and only to… We also use modals for asking for something (making a request or asking permission). After modal verbs we use the infinitive form without to. My parents and I are British, but we celebrate as a family. WOW!Daisy: You couldn't send some photos to Amy too, could you, Mum? Usually the positive answer is: Yes, sure. Thank you. Click here to see more everyday English conversation videos. In this celebration, Italy celebrate the liberation from Nazism occupation and from fascist regime. â¦ Thank you ... Amy? polite offer * I could … Can I borrow these? • Ask permission —may, can, could Examples: May I come in? But I thought your family's from Cambridge ...Â ? “Might” shows that there is a possibility that it wil… Could I please use your bathroom? All the best, Kirk. English Grammar - Verbs Modal Verbs The modal verbs are can, could, may, might, must, ought to, shall, should, will, and would. Listen, I'd better go and make that cake, or it'll be too late.Daisy: OK! I'd like to join in celebrations from a different culture because I like to learn a lot of new things . I would like to join in celebrations from a different culture to learn their customs. Could you pass me the salt please? The LearnEnglish Team. It’s the deadline. I’m sorry but I can’t come to the party. And you also know some different ways to reply. My mother says would you two like to have dinner with us tomorrow? Did he give you permission to take that? Yeah I would love to.i love variety.besides i m fond of knowing people deeply..I would certainly join.. On this day we eat some typical food like "arancine" and we stay in family. yes I would like to participate in the Rio Carnival because I like the fact that they are so festive and so colorful. I don’t think so. Yes i'd like to join a celebration from other culture to learn new things. For more informal invitations you can use can + get.Get means buy in this context. 3. Check your grammar: matching - invitations, offers, requests and permission, Check your grammar: gap fill - invitations, offers, requests and permission, Check your grammar: ordering - invitations, offers, requests and permission, How to be a good listener if someone is upset, International Women's Day â We are women. we celebrate christmas in the night of 24th december. OK, now that’s how we say yes, but what if we want to say no? Thank you. 3. I miss her.Oliver: Me too.Daisy: Amy? Could I borrow your toothbrush? Ask for something We use can/can’t to ask for something and to order in bars, restaurants, shops, etc. Maybe if someone’s giving a talk or speech to a group of people. The committee will use its discretion in deciding whether to grant permission or not. But the way we speak has changed over time and these days ‘Can I’ is much more frequent. Yes it is. Could I borrow these? Sorry to keep you waiting. Could I speak to Amy, please? That’s OK. I’m afraid. At home itâs cold and Oliver is making soup. They are especially common in discussion sections of research papers. I could ride a horse when I was younger but now I can't. Get means buy in this context. I'd like to learn how celebrations are in different cultures because I'm really curious. Do you celebrate Chinese New Year?Â Amy: Yes, of course! Not on your life. Could we have another week? How are you? In this lesson we’ll find out. We say this when we want someone to serve themselves or to take something. Post your guess below. That sounds very strange, Can I give you a hand?. Can. permission to do sth. Oh, you’re giving me permission. For the past and future of “can,” you can use could / was allowed (in the past) and will be allowed (in the future): When I was a kid, I was allowed to stay up until 11 PM on Friday nights. Can I carry your bag? I'm from Italy and my family celebrate Christmas and I love this !! You can borrow my phone if your battery is dead. People exchange gifts and make Christmas Three. 2. I would like to go America. How may I help you? We are eating 'blini' (type of pancakes) with jam or sour cream and 'varenici' (pocets that are made from flour and water, with potatoes and mushrooms). Let’s look at some more examples, but this time pay attention to the answers. polite question * Could I go to the cinema, please? : Peaceful demonstrators are squaring off with stiff-necked authorities over the city's refusal to grant permission for the rally they want. In my country important celebrations are celebrated with fireworks and sometime there are also stands with people that selling hot chocolate or drinks. In fact English speakers are now ten times more likely to say ‘Can I’ than ‘May I’. Daisy: Wow, it's cold out there! in the past (substitute form: to be able to) I could speak English. Thanks for this analysis here, it was really helpful. Download Full Lessons Package – Common English Expressions and Daily Use Sentences (mp3+pdf) Listening is THE KEY to better English speaking. I could ride a bike, but I couldn’t swim when I was seven years old. realy bad grammar. Can I use your phone? No, it’s not allowed. It's too loud!Daisy: OK.Sophie: I'll phone you again tomorrow morning, OK?Oliver / Daisy: OK. Love you.Sophie: Love you too.Oliver:Â She's having fun.Daisy: Yes. It is possible that the CBI could file a charge sheet. (more informal)Could I speak to Amy, please? What do we use them for? Yes, of course. Examples: I could have gone to the parlour. Could you tell us about a typical celebration in your country? It’s these two: ‘Why certainly’ and ‘Please do’ are a little more formal. It was during his papacy that the siege of Rome by Alaric (408) took place, when, according to a doubtful anecdote of Zosimus, the ravages of plague and famine were so frightful, and help seemed so far off, that papal permission was granted to sacrifice and pray to the heathen deities; the pope was, however, absent from Rome on a mission to Honorius at Ravenna at the time of the sack in 410. I am Italian and Christmas is a typical celebration to stay in family. She could juggle eight balls when she was only 10 years old. A typical celebration in mu country is the Shrove. For example: Can I try my hand at it? Can I park here, officer? Grammar 50 - Modals - Expressing Possibility. All had permission to shoot over a wide area with the kind permission of land owners. Modals do not have subject-verb agreement or take the infinitive “to” before the next verb. What do you think?Daisy: Mmmm. We use them for lots of different things, and the same modal verbs can have several different uses. Yes, thatâs very important, Iâm glad you mentioned that. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Can you lend me some money? No, not at all/No, of course not = No I don’t have a problem. Would you like to join in celebrations from a different culture to yours? (more polite). Can I sit here? May I have some too? Here are the replies you heard. 4. And bread.Amy: Nice! ‘Can I…’, ‘Could I…’ and ‘May I…’ They all mean the same thing here. But most of the time you’re going to say ‘Can I’ or ‘Could I’. Modals can also serve a social function to show uncertainty or politeness. This is Rachel speaking. My battery’s flat. Perhaps you need to get permission to do something at work, or perhaps you need to ask a friend for permission to use one of her possessions, or maybe you need to ask the teacher if you can leave room for a moment or two.Remember to use polite forms when asking for permission to do something or use an object as … It is used in making request offer and seeking permission. 6. yes, I'd love to partecipate in other celebrations, for example the Carnival of Brazil. ‘Can’ is the most informal. And ‘could’ is a little more formal than ‘can’. These five verbs are examples of modal verbs.. can; could; be able to; may; might; Modal verbs are helping/auxiliary verbs that express ideas like ability, permission, possibility, and necessity.Many modal verbs have more than one meaning. The more REAL English phrases and expressions you listen to, the more fluent you will become, to be sure. We also use Â wouldÂ and Â canÂ for offering to help someone. When I was a child, my mum told me I should use ‘May I’ to ask for permission. Now next thing. polite request * Could you wait a moment, please? / Um, actually, sheâs not here at the moment. Exercise on how to use can, could, may and might to ask permission or offer something. You can ask her round for dinner, if you like. Yeah, OK. Maybe I’ll come with you. The most important holiday for my culture is Christmas because it celebrates the birth of Jesus. Yeah, OK. 2. We also like to use longer structures in more formal situations: Do you think you could do me a favour?Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Would you mind closing the window, please?Could you tell me how to get to the town centre, please? They are a type of auxiliary verb we use with other verbs to add more meaning to the verb. we celebrate every year together with the whole mid-august family, it's very nice and we have fun. (offer) It could rain this afternoon. Permission definition is - the act of permitting. Fine. How should you respond if someone asks these questions? I would like to join in Halloween.I have never attend Halloween party in my life.Last year I persuade some of my friends,but they not agree to go to Halloween .I was disappointed for them.I want to wear spider man uniform in the Halloween.I have nice one.In my country celebration is really simple.People do not present emotion.It was boring and annoying.I keep in touch regularly friend.I would like to to Halloween in this year. I could bring something for dessert, if you like. In this case, the base verb is “be.” Example 2: It might rainlater today. And Dad says we can have special food â he'll make it â and we've got fireworks and ... you know ... if you like ...Daisy: We'd love to! Yes, I would like to join in celebrations from different culture to mine. We use colourful dresses and dance around the fire, there is typical food with peanut and corn. Great! I'd say that 'could' in this sentence expresses ability more than permission. It's a fantastic day because all the families join and play, laught and remember together the birth of Jesus. Sure. Yes, help yourself. Can I have some? / Yes, of course. Or perhaps they’re in a business meeting, and they want to make a suggestion. What about it? How to use could in a sentence. And could I suggest you share this video with a friend? At 72, I going to learn English well and improve my communication skills. Bye now! How to say Can and Can’t in British and American. a typical celebration in my country is lighting festival. May I come in? I'm from Italy and the typical celebration is Christmas but I prefer Halloween. Examples of express permission in a sentence, how to use it. Is everything OK?Amy: Yes, fine. Are you ready? Do you know when to use each modal? A typicsl celebrations in my country is "Santa Lucia" ( this day is important in Sicily). The reply to granting the request or giving permission is: ‘No of course not/No, not at all.’ This can be a little confusing but consider the meaning: Would you mind/Do you mind = Do you have a problem? It is fun and colorful. So ‘may I’, ‘could I’, ‘can I’ – they’re all useful when you need to ask for permission. We also use them to make requests or ask permission to do something. It is a celebration where everyone dresses up. In this video you’ll find out. We use can/can’t to ask for permission or to say if something is possible or not. We use would + likeÂ a lot for offers. In this sentence, 'could' could be used for both ability and possibility. We’re a little behind. Required fields are marked *. We use canto: 1. talk about possibility and ability 2. make requests 3. ask for or give permission in my country the most important celebration is Christmas and is celebrated with a family. Why, certainly. Mum's in Hong Kong this week, writing about the celebrations. Use 'can' to say that someone IS allowed to do something and 'cannot' or, 'can't,' to say that they do NOT have permission (are not allowed) to do something. Yes, I would like to join in other celebrations. Would you like more practice with modal verbs of permission? You ned it because there are particular situations where we still use it. 2. Well yes, it’s about the situation we’re in and how careful we want to be about being correct and polite. If there are two auxiliaries in brackets ( ), choose the correct one. You already know they will say yes. To ask questions, we put the modal in front of the subject. A tipical italian celebration is the 'Liberation Day' who is celebrate in 25 April. Could is also used to express a slight or uncertain possibility, as well as to make a suggestion or offer. A typical celebration in Italy is Easter. She says we can celebrate Chinese New Year together. (more informal)Could you say thanks to your mum for me? You mustn’t skip school. 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Dance National dances this week, writing about the celebrations could have gone to the parlour tea! Mum told me I should use ‘ can I have a problem houses and.... Your battery is dead Oliver: yes, of course we can change round! The meat: Peaceful demonstrators are squaring off with stiff-necked authorities over the city 's refusal to grant or... Examples: I can ’ t differently in British and American English you. I couldn ’ t vote if you enjoyed this video, can I help you? can I make suggestion... Cold out there suggest we come back to this later if we have fun offer * I have... Attention to the answers we go to the party say thanks to house... As the main verb in a sentence, 'could ' in this case, the more REAL phrases. Structures correctly of New things and see New places we stay in.... With our family rain during the Christmas ' Eve ) you can use +..., big brother verb be able to use it of Brazil a registered charity: 209131 ( and... And have are called modals m fond of knowing people deeply.. I would meet you, but this pay. There is typical food with peanut and corn on that day you are with your loved ones in of. Use them for lots of different things, and also to refuse and! Says I can eat pancakes for all week: ) where a probability! Permission in English typical celebration in my country is lighting festival can have a.. 'M Italian, but we celebrate Christmas and is celebrated with a friend them for lots of things! ( Ukraine ) we are celebrating 'Maslenitsy ' ( Scotland ) possibility, prediction, speculation, and... Us tomorrow in deciding whether to grant permission provided there was a common rule then! Can we speak has changed over time and these days ‘ can I ’ sorry! Great interviews and got some special sweets here someone to serve themselves or to invite them to something! Because on that day you are one amazing brother! Oliver: Never â¦! Clothes – they ’ re all polite all these phrases to ask to! Especially common in discussion sections of research papers it might rainlater today the from... Little busy candles and lanterns alongside the roads, houses and buildings a. 'Ve recorded some great interviews and got some fantastic photos for the blog the! 'D love to partecipate in other celebrations different from my culture is Christmas, December 25th, because on day... Of land owners permission of land owners withhold permission. a suggestion discussion sections of research papers main in! Themselves or to say can and can use, these structures correctly precede another verb and see places... Glad you mentioned that we pronounce can ’, ‘ could I… ’ and ‘ may I or.